Florence is the birthplace of the Renaissance and home to many of world's most famous paintings and statues. Florence is the capital of the region of Tuscany, on Italy's north-west coast. A good reference point for navigating your way around Florence is its central train station, Santa Maria Novella, although the Duomo is pretty hard to miss. You can walk from one end of the city center to the other in about 30 minutes. There are plenty of tours available for tourists to learn about the city's amazing history and see breathtaking buildings found in courtyards you'd probably miss without a guide. Florence is a great place for honeymooners as the city's flair most definitely has a hint of romance in it.
When To Go: Florence at its best
Best weather: April to June, September, and October. July and August are hottest and most humid. Tourism swells from May through September.
Best prices: September and October. Festival highlights: Maggio Musicale, the city's major arts festival, takes place from May through early June; the Calcio in Costume -- Soccer in Costume -- is an annual competition held in June among four teams, each representing a medieval district of the city; a fireworks display marks midsummer and the feast of John the Baptist, Florence's patron saint, on June 24.
What To Do:
Admire the art: Masterpieces abound here in all their original glory: Michelangelo's statues of Bacchus and David, Cellini's statue of Perseus beheading Medusa, Botticelli's "The Birth of Venus," Titian's "The Venus of Urbino," and more. The world-renowned Uffizi Gallery is a must-see, but art is everywhere: In the chapels hidden inside the Santa Maria Novella and Santa Maria del Carmine churches, and in the statue garden outside the Palazzo Vecchio, where you'll find Ammannati's Neptune Fountain.
Tour cathedrals and tombs: The immense and magnificently detailed Santa Maria del Fiore Duomo (cathedral) will literally take your breath away. Don't miss the resplendent east doors -- called the "Gate of Paradise" -- of the nearby Baptistery: Lorenzo Ghiberti needed 28 years to complete them. Visit the Gothic church of Santa Croce to see the elaborate tombs of Michelangelo, Galileo, and the great humanist Leonardo Bruni. Machiavelli was also buried here. Medici tombs by Michelangelo can be found at the lavish San Lorenzo church.
Explore palaces and gardens: Palazzos are everywhere in this concentrated treasure chest of a city, but some of the best include the Palazzo Vecchio (with its famous sculpture garden), the ornate Palazzo Rucellai, and the Medici's massive must-see Palazzo Pitti. The Vittolone, an avenue of cypress trees that splits the sprawling, statue-filled Boboli Gardens near Palazzo Pitti, is the perfect spot to soak up peaceful green vistas.
Have a gelato: You'll experience ice-cream perfection at Bar Vivoli Gelateria. A week's worth of rich, creamy, intense flavors will keep you screaming for more.
Shop for souvenirs: Cross the Ponte Vecchio, or Old Bridge, built in 1345 -- the only bridge to escape destruction during World War II -- to shop for new and antique jewelry. Troll for leather goods at the Mercato di San Lorenzo or nearby Mercato Centrale.